Anaxyrus boreas: Western Toad


They are usually 5-13 cm. They generally are in a wide variety of colors including white, gray, reddish-brown, yellow or green, and have black blotches with bumps that have small red centers. They have a light-colored back stipe and large parotoid glands. They have a wide range in Washington state, although not generally found in the southeastern portion of the state. They are land dwellers and can be found in woodlands, meadows, and mountainous wetlands. They dig shallow burrows in loose ground or shelter under rocks or logs. The breeding season is February-April. They prefer slow-moving, quiet waters, especially wetlands for breeding. Eggs are laid in strings in rows and hatch within 10 days. Tadpoles take up to two months to complete metamorphosis. Males do not have vocal sacs! But they can make a chirping sound when captured. In higher elevations, will hibernate in underground chambers near streams or take over other animal’s underground lairs. Males have been observed fighting for the right to mate with females.

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